An eye test is important at different times in our life. The frequency of eye examination depends on your age and your problem.
You will need an eye test at any age if you:
Regular eye tests are required for:
Babies and Children:
All premature babies born <32 weeks old gestational age and <1500gm birth weight, must be screened by an Ophthalmologist (Eye MD) by 6 weeks of age. Problems with the development of the eye can be picked up and treated early.
1 in 5 children have an undetected eye problem, which can be determined by visual screening. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) recommend that your child's eyes be screened for problems at birth, 6 months and pre school screening (3 to 4 years of age). Screening can be done in the initial stage by the paediatrician assessing the red reflex and vision.
A full comprehensive eye examination must be performed by 5 years by an eye doctor. During a comprehensive eye exam, the eyes are checked for glasses (refractive errors eg: nearsightedness/ farsightedness), squint (cast eye), amblyopia (lazy eye), etc are ruled out. Schools may do visual screening every 2 years and refer children to the eye doctor as required. However, if you think your child has visual problems take them to the eye doctor. Undetected vision problems in children can lead to headaches, bad behavior and poor grades.
Some groups of people are at a higher risk, these include:
Diabetics have a higher risk of glaucoma and cataracts and retinopathy. Early detection is critical in the treatment of diabetes retinopathy. Regular eye examinations are important if you have an increased risk of eye problems.
An Eye Exam Can Save You Money long term - and Your Life, by identifying problems and treating early especially in diabetic patients. For more information visit www.geteyesmart.org
|AUTHOR:||Dr. Lizette Mowatt|
|DATE:||October 7, 2015|
|RESIDENCE:||University Hospital of the West Indies (Consultant Ophthalmologist : Vitreoretinal Surgeon)|
|GENRE:||Ophthalmology, Biology, Medical Sciences|